This investigation was conducted under the Virginia Department of Historic Resources (VDHR) Threatened Sites Program in order to determine whether the site meets any of the National Park Service Criteria for Eligibility for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). The kiln site is one of only a few known archaeological contexts for a post-Civil War (ca.1869-1873) stoneware pottery in the region. The site is under threat of destruction from plans by the landowner to mechanically demolish the site to deter trespassing and relic hunting, and to minimize potential hazards to cattle herds that are corralled on the property. The site evaluation focused exclusively on the historical component of the site, which included sampling and testing of the brick rubble remains of the former kiln dome, portions of the kiln floor and flue system, and a ceramic waster pile located adjacent to the kiln. Because Site 44WG556 meets the NPS evaluation criteria and possesses a high degree of integrity, it is recommended eligible for listing in the NRHP.